The democratic system in Pakistan for that matter in most of the newly independent countries where democracy was accepted as a working principle of government, was generally visualized in terms of parliaments, political parties and elections at national provincial levels. At the lower level there was no machinery to inculcate and enforce a sense of responsibility in the administration which was unaccountable to the people or their representative.
On 27th October 1958, after a decade long political turmoil in the country, the army took over and General Ayub Khan became the chief Marshal Law administrator and Field Marshal. He was welcomed by the people of the country. On the first anniversary of his government, on 27th October, 1959, General Ayub Khan addressed the nation and announced the introduction of a new system of government or basic democracies system
In 1961, the PARD Camilla East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) under took a pilot project of rural development through basic democracies and found the results encouraging in the sense that the basic democracies were capable of doing developmental works with collaboration of the government. The RWP was launched on this principle at once, first in East Pakistan (1962-3) and then in the west wing (1963-4).
Since the local government system has been a theoretical exercise only and not put to practice continuously, many problems are faced by the LG in Pakistan. Sporadically the system has been introduced differently under different governments, therefore, no proper infra-structure could be provided in this country.
Local government is also known as “Good governance’. It is at the best in countries which are governed under the democratic system. It is now generally believed that all public problems are best administered by a properly organized system of local bodies. If you go back to the definition, it can be easily under stood that local government is a system of public education of how to handle problems / how to solve them.
Local government refers to the operations of municipal corporations, municipalities, district councils/ boards, panchayat/union councils and other bodies which are empowered to execute functions/ services related to the welfare of local residents. Or regulation and administration of local affairs by the people inhabiting the locality through representatives.
The main principles of community organization are as following which work to present a framework for the succession of community organization.
Community organization is a process which dealing with the welfare of individuals or groups to meet their needs.. he main aim and objective of community organization is to bring adjustment between the resources available and felt needs of the people.