Society makes various types of social control depending on the social situations. In primitive societies beliefs and superstitions are enough for the control. In rural areas folkways, norms, beliefs, customs and traditions are used as means social control, while in modern societies formal agencies like police, army, radio, universities, newspapers are the means.
Types of Social Control
Some of the types of social control are as follows:
1. Direct and Indirect Control
Karl Mannheim is of the view that control may be direct as well as indirect. Direct control is that, which is exercised by the primary groups like family, peer groups, who praise or condemn the behavior of an individual. Indirect control is exercised by the secondary groups like traditions, customs, institution etc. Also Read: Research Methodology Notes
2. Positive and Negative Means
There are two types of means according to Kimble Young. One is positive means which exists in form of praise, prizes, fame and respect. Another mean is negative, which found in the shape of criticism, punishment and shames.
3. Social Control through Force and Symbol
Lumby classified social control as by force and by symbol. By force he is of the view that to exert force on individuals which through symbols. He includes praise, rewards, groups, stare, criticism and propaganda etc.