What is Parliamentary System
On the basis of the relationship between the legislature and the executive we have two types of governments namely the Parliamentary and the Presidential. In a Parliamentary system the legislative and the executive department of the government are very closely related and are interdependent for the performance of governmental functions. Under this system there is no separation of the legislative and the executive departments. The Parliamentary form of government is also known as the Cabinet system or Cabinet Form of Government because the cabinet is the link between the two departments. It is also called a responsible government because executive department is responsible and answerable to the legislative department.
Organization of Parliamentary Form of Government
It is organized in the following manner:
The Nominal or the Titular Head
Under this system the king, the queen president is a nominal head because in theory he/she enjoys all the powers, but in practice these powers are exercised by different departments.
The Real Executive
The Cabinet or the Council of Ministers enjoys the real powers. The Prime Minister is the real head of government. All the ministers are also all members of the parliament and are responsible to it for their acts and policies. After general elections the party that enjoys the support of the majority in the parliament becomes the ruling party. Its leader becomes the Prime Minister. Other members of the cabinet are nominated by the Prime Minister and are appointed by the nominal head. They have individual as well as collective responsibilities.