There are five key elements of curriculum development, according to Tyler “it is essential as a part of comprehensive theory of organization to show just what are the elements will serve satisfactory as organizing elements.” According to Herrick and Tyler, following are the components and elements of curriculum development
- Situational analysis
- Formulation of objectives
- Selection of content, scope and sequence
- Activities, strategies and method of teaching
Situational analysis means the analysis of different conditions such as emotional, political, cultural, religious and geographical condition of a country. This will help the curriculum planners in the selection of objectives, selection of organization of learning materials and in suggesting appropriate evaluation procedure.
Formulation of Objectives
There are four main factors for formulating the objectives of education. These are
- The society
- The knowledge
- The learner
- The learning process
All of these factors are to be considered while selecting and formulating the educational objectives.