What is Growth and Development
Growth and development in education has specific meanings and both are relates to each other. The following comparison will clarify the differences between growth and development.
What is Growth
- It is indicative i.e. increase in body, size, weight etc.
- It is quantitative progress
- It is physical change
- It is external in nature
- stops at certain stage
- It is physical progress
What is Development
- It is not indicative
- It qualitative progress
- It is psychological change
- It is internal in nature
- It is continuous process
- It is cognitive progress
Stages of Growth and Development in Children
Growth and development goes side by side, and both have profound effects upon each other. When a child is born, passes through various stages and ultimately a whole picture of a person emerges. The following are the stages of growth and development through which every children passes:
1. Infancy: (From Birth to 2 Years)
Common features of infancy are
- A child jumps, walk and learn to talk.
- A child starts learning about simple, social concepts.
- The body growth is accelerated.
2. Early Childhood (2-6 Years)
The common features of this stage are:
- Infancy features are strengthened.
- Physical growth occurs like, expansion of muscles, speed in body actions, changes occur in respiration, blood pressure develops etc.
- Language skill is developed and learns new words.
- New concepts about social relations develop.
- Memory increases.
- They ask questions about the environment.
- Socially he/she develops new friends, and wants social approval of his/her actions.
- Emotional development starts to develop.
3. Adolescence (12-19 Years)
This is the period of adulthood and to some extend of maturity, physically and socially. This is called the spring, romantic, and the period of “storm & stress”. The development and growth vary from culture to culture and environment factors that influence a person at this stage. Some basic characteristics of this stage are as follows: