One of the well-known approaches to leadership style is the Blake and Mouton managerial grid. It was developed some years ago by Robert Blake and Jane mouton. Building on previous research that showed the importance of a manger’s having concern both for production and for people, Blake and Mouton devised a clever device to dramatize this concern. This grid, shown in the Figure, has been used throughout the world as a means for training managers and of identifying various combinations of leadership styles.
Understanding Managerial Grid Model
There are two dimensions of Blake Mouton managerial grid the first dimension concern for people and concern for production. As Blake and Mouton have emphasized, their use of the phrase “concern for” is meant to convey “how managers are concerned about production” or “how they are concerned about people”, and no such thing as how much production they are concerned about getting out of a group.
Concern for production includes the attitudes of supervisors toward a wide variety of things, such as:
- Quality of policy decision
- Procedures and processes
- Creativeness of research
- Quality of staff workers
- Work efficiency and
- Volume of output.
Concern for people is likewise interpreted in a broad way. It includes such elements as:
- Degree of personal commitment toward goal achievement
- Maintenance of the self-esteem of workers
- Placement of responsibilities on the basis of trust rather than obedience
- Provision of good working conditions and
- Maintenance of satisfying interpersonal relations
Blake and Mouton Managerial Grid Model
The following are Blake and Mouton five leadership styles.