Perceptual Organization | Principle of Perceptual Organization

Fri, 04/24/2009 - 20:28 -- Umar Farooq

What is Perceptual Organization

Perceptual selectivity is concerned with internal and external variables that gave individual’s attention. Perceptual organization is concerned with process of organizing the inputs into identifiable whole objects.  A person’s perceptual process organizes the incoming information into meaningful whole.

Principles of Perceptual Organization

1. Figure Ground

Basic principle “the perceived objects stands out as separable from their general back ground”. Perceptual selectivity will influence perceptual organization.  The viewer is set to perceive one things and the situation is deferent, perceptual organization will be effected.

2. Perceptual Grouping

There is a tendency to group several stimuli together into a recognizable pattern. Grouping is done on the basis of Closure, Continuity, proximity or similarity.


Perceptual process will close the gaps that are unfilled from sensory inputs.  Thus due to closure person will sometimes perceive a whole when one does not actually exist.

Result:        In organization participants may either see whole where none exists. OR

They may not be able to see what exists.


Only the obvious continuous patterns or relationships are perceived.


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