Definition is Internal Economies of Scale
"Internal economies are those economies in production which occur to the firm itself when it expands its output or enlarge its scale of production".
Types of Internal Economies of Scale
Folllowing are the types of Internal economies of scale:
- Administrative or Managerial Economies
- Technical Economies
- Marketing Economies or Commercial Economies
- Financial Economies
1. Administrative or Managerial Economies
When a firm expands its output or enlarges the scale of production it follows the principle of division of labour and creates special departments e.g. marketing, production, cost, processing cost accountant, marketing manager etc. and as a result production process works smoothly. The entrepreneur gives attention to more important jobs e.g. import and export problems, credit from banks and concessions from the government etc. The administrative expenditures do not increase proportionally with the output and thus the firm benefits.
2. Technical Economies
Technical economies arise due to the large scale production because there is a mechanical advantage in the use of large machines. Technical economies may arise due to large size of the plant because it requires less energy, less staff, and proportionately less cost of installing the plant. Specialized persons can only be employed with large machinery and plant. Thus, large scale producer benefits from specialists.