Subject Centered Curriculum
Subject centered curriculum is the oldest and the most widely accepted form of curriculum organization. The earliest example of this sort of organization is the seven liberal arts in the schools of ancient Greece and Rome and in the monastery and Cathedrals of the middle ages in the Medieval Era.
The seven liberal arts consisted of two divisions:
- Trivium: Its lower division consisting of: i. Grammar ii. Rhetoric iii. Dialectic (logic)
- Quadrivium consists of Arithmetic, Geometry, Astronomy and Music.
These subjects were broad. The seven liberal arts do not conform precisely to modern subjects having the same titles: In the modern period the Trivium was further divided to include literature and history and the quadrivium to include algebra, trigonometry, geography, botany, zoology, physics and chemistry. In this manner subjects went on being added one after the other so much so that in 1930 there were over 300 distinct subjects of instruction.