Pedagogical Models of Teaching, Definition, Uses and Elements

Fri, 10/10/2014 - 03:07 -- Umar Farooq


A general meaning of term “Model” is a representation, generally in miniature, or to show the structure as a copy of something or typical form and style.


There several definitions of teaching model given by different educationist

  1. Nelson L Bossing (1970, P. 72) “Teaching model is a pattern or plan, which can be used to shape a curriculum or course, to select instructional materials and to guide a teacher’s action”.
  2. “It consist guidelines for designing educational activities and environment. It specifies was of teaching and learning that are intended to achieve certain kinds of goals”. Nelsons L Bossing
  3. According to Morse, “Models are prescriptive teaching strategies designed to accomplish particular instructional goals”.
  4.  Robert S. Woodworth says “To confirm in behavior, actions and to direct one’s action according to some particular design or idea”.
  5. According to Filburt Highet, “It is a set of inter-related components arranged in a sequence which provide guidance to realize specific goals”.

How to use teaching models

  1. Teaching models specify the learning situations for observing the pupils response
  2. They help in realization of learning objectives
  3. They help the teacher in planning and organizing effective teaching by selecting appropriate content teaching strategies and audio visual aids in education
  4. They help in planning curriculum

Fundamental Elements of Teaching Model

Generally, there are five elements which are:

Focus: This element defines specific objectives of teaching learning process

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