Compare The House of Commons & The House of Representatives

Mon, 08/05/2013 - 02:02 -- Umar Farooq

The House of Commons is the lower chamber of the British Parliament. Its strength is 652. All members of this chamber are elected directly. The tenure of the House of Commons is 5 years but it can be dissolved earlier by the Queen acting on the advice of the Prime Minister. The House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the American Congress. It consists of 438 members who are elected directly by the American voters. Both the House of Commons and the House of Representatives are, therefore, democratic chambers.

Legislative Powers

The House of Commons is the most important part of the British law­making machinery. It is competent to legislate on sail subjects. The House of Lords, cannot act as a barrier against the House of Commons. It can delay ordinary (non-money) Bills passed the House of Commons at the most for one year under the Parliament Act of 1949. The royal veto has gone out of use The British courts have no power of Judicial Review. So, the legislative supremacy of the House of Commons is well established.

On the other hand, the American House of Representatives is a weak legislative body. Its legislative powers are equally shared by the Senate No which originates in the House of Representatives can become law unless it is passed by the Senate also. The Senate is not a mere delaying or revising body like the British House of Lords. Moreover, USA being a federation, the House of Representatives is not competent to legislate on all subjects. Again, the American President can veto laws passed by Congress, though his veto is not absolute. Besides, the legislative power of the House of Representatives is limited by the, system or judicial review that operates in USA. The American Supreme Court can declare laws passed by Congress to be null and void, if they are in clash to any provision of the constitution.

Financial Powers

In financial sphere, the British I louse of Commons is all in all. Money Bills must originate in the House of Commons. They can be neither amended nor rejected by the Lords. The House of Lords can delay money Bills passed by the Commons at the most for one month. On the other hand, the House of Representatives is almost on the same footing as the Senate in regard to money Bills. It is true that the House of Representatives has the exclusive power to initiate money bills. But the Senate has the authority to amend money Bill in any way it likes. So this advantage of the House of Representatives over the Senate is not a real one.

Executive Control


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