Sole proprietorship is the simplest and oldest form of business organization. It is as old as civilization. This form of organization is owned by one person. He works as a financer, manager, employer, decision maker. In case of profit, he enjoys the whole profit and in case of loss he bears the whole loss. In simple words we can say that it is a one man show. Sole proprietorship is very common in all over the world. Some of its examples are Retailers, Corner shop, Bakery, Hardware Store, Garments outlet, Shoe Store, Doctor's clinic etc. Following are the main characteristics of sole proprietorship business organization
Being one man show the sole owner manages and controls all the affairs of the business independently, without the interference of any other person. He is the planner policies and decision maker for the success of his business.
No Legal Status of the Business
Sole Proprietorship has no separate legal entity from its owner. Owner and business is same thing in the eyes of law and public. Obligations of the business must be considered as the obligations of the sole owner. Similarly life of the business depends upon the life of the proprietor. It means in case of mishaps in the life of sole proprietor, may end the life of the business.
According to legal status, business liabilities must be considered as the liabilities of the owner. Hence, the liability of the owner is unlimited. It means in case of insolvency, personal property of owner can be sold for the recovery of its debts.
Being a separate business entity, proprietor is not required to file taxes under employee identification number. Business income is considered as the personal income of the proprietor for taxation. Hence, owner is liable to pay taxes to Income Tax Department, if income becomes taxable