These are also known as physiological motives and very important for the survival. These are natural and exist at the time of birth. These are activated due to imbalance in the body and maintain state of equilibrium.
- These motives of human and animals are the same.
- These are to a large extent rooted in the physiological state of the body.
- These are such needs which are absolutely necessary to be satisfied.
The list of examples may include hunger, thirst, desire for sex, pain, etc.
These are called social motives because of their being learned in social groups, especially, in family as children grow up and because. They usually involve other people.
Psychologists and social psychologists have given them various names as follows.
- Acquired or learned motives.
- Complex motives.
- Secondary motives.
Why Secondary Motives?
They are called secondary motives because they are not primary in nature their need for satisfaction is not absolutely necessary.
Explanation of Social Motives
These are the complex motives states or needs, that are the offspring of many human actions in fact these motives can give us some insight into an individual’s social behavior. What sort of social motives activate an individual depend on an individual social experience which is unique to himself and depends on his way of receiving things, his personality make up, his learning capacity, his intelligence, opportunities and weaknesses.
The example of social motives is shyness.
Major Types of S. Motives
Morgan has classified social motives into three types as follows.
- Need for achievement
- Need for Hunger
- Human Aggression