Sigmund Freud Psychosexual Theory of Personality Development

Thu, 10/01/2015 - 01:53 -- Umar Farooq

Sigmund Freud was a physician who proposed the most controversial theory of psychosexual development which points to personality development over the course of childhood. According to Freud theory parents perform a crucial role in their children’s sexual and aggressive derives.

Freud’s Structure Model

There are three working parts of human personality. According to theory of psychosexual development these three parts of human personality combined when child works through stages of psychosexual development

  1. The id. It is the part of mind related to basic biological needs and related to desire and impulses.
  2. The ego. It is the conscious part of human personality and related to reasoning. Its function is to monitor behavior to satisfy basic needs.
  3. The superego. It is related to interaction with parents and other people, who want to inform the child about social norms.

Freud Psychosexual Theory believes that we are born with two basis instincts as follow.                     

  1. Eros. This is named after the Greek god for love. Eros includes the sex drives and drives such as hunger and thirst.
  2. Thanatos. This is named after Greek god for death. This includes not only striving for death but also destructive motives such as hostility and aggression. These drives highly influence the personality of a person.

5 Stages of Freud's Psychosexual Theory of Development

According to this theory a child passes through a series of life psychosexual stages which affect the personality of a child, this theory is unique in focusing each stage on a major bio logical function which Freud believes to be the focus of pleasure in given time. The stages are as follows.

Oral Stage

In the oral stage (from birth to 18 months) the libido is localized in the month region. A baby’s mouth is the main point of pleasure. Infant derives pleasure by sucking, manipulating mouth lips and tongue, and biting every thing that fits into his mouth. Thus mouth is the first sexual zone of pleasure and satisfaction.

Anal Stage

This is from 18 month to 3 years. Anal stage starts from 12 to 15 month of the age where the main emphasize is on toilet training. This training leaves a great and deep effect on the personality and socialization process of a person/child. The major source of pleasure changes from mouth to the anal region and children derives considerable pleasure from both retention and expulsion of feces.

Related pages

self concept theory carl rogerswhat is the definition of urbanisationdefinition of caste system in indiaobservational methods psychologymax weber methodologydifference between class and caste in sociologyprocess of socialization definitionwhat is systematic observation in psychologymicro environment macro environmentdefine ethnocentrismmicroeconomics budget linesole proprietorship examplephotojournalism meaningvariable proportionsthomas hobbes social contract theorydefine ethnocentric approachthe advantages of communismpre islamic arabia mapsemantic barriers definitionsigmund freud theory of personality developmentmax weber biographydecentralize definitionfreud personality stagesdefinition immediacyfederal system defmethod of teaching in hindideductive analysis definitiongender inequality definition sociology5 forces porter modelmacro environment trendsmethods of settling disputesmeaning of delegate in urdudeflation and inflation differenceadvantages and disadvantages of ethnocentrismthe advantages of sole proprietorshipdefinition of xenocentrismfactors resisting social changeimportance of coeducationmixed economies definitionprimary group sociologywhat are the components of a modern marketing information systemthomas hobbes and social contractformulating a research problemwhat is endogamous marriagetroubleshooting meaning in hindiopen system of stratificationsegmentation targeting and positioning stpdefinition of supply curve in economicsdisadvantages of mixed economylaws of diminishing returnssuccessful sole proprietorships examplessocial contract theory thomas hobbesadvantages and disadvantages of case study method of researchdifference between population and demographytypes of buyer behaviourskimming price policy definitioncharacteristics of socialism and capitalismkinds of nationalismthe 4ps marketing mixgeorge herbert mead stageshobbs social contractmarshall law meaningprone tamil meaningethnocentric meaningsolidarity meaning in hindipressure groups in pakistankurt lewin's change modellaw of demand microeconomicsdeviance defineadvantages of indirect democracyadvantages and disadvantages of probability and nonprobability sampling methodssamsung swot analysis 2014motivational theories mcgregoradvanced management program hbssubject matter of macroeconomicsdefinition of deductiveifrs standards list