What is Cognition?
It is the process by which knowledge and understanding is developed in the mind.
Cognitive means connected with mental process of understanding. So cognitive development refers especially to the mental development of child. With the passage of time the experiences of child are changed and increased this is called the process of cognitive development.
According to cognitive theory children are innately born with the imagination that who are they? Or what they ought to be? With the help of these imaginations, the children start the process of learning through experiences which is known as cognitive process.
Basic Components of Piaget Cognitive Devel opment
Adaptation and cognitive development continues as the child gets mature. New elements in the environment are deal with in old ways, and over time old elements can be deal with in new ways plagued called these growing abilities psychological structure and it are composed of two types.
- Schema. The infant develops a sucking scheme, for example, and employing that scheme on other objects in the environment can thereby learn.
- Operation. A second type of psychological structure is operation. Whereas the schema is a behavioral adaptation develops through maturation as the child becomes increasingly able to think in a more complicated way.
Definition and Main Emphasize of the Piaget Cognitive Theory
Jean Piaget Swiss child psychologist concluded that the best thinking process of adults was to begin with infants and trace the development.
Accoring Piaget theory humans like other organisms, adapt to their environment. This means that they orient their thinking and actions to the things and problems in the environment thus the child must cope with the environment outside the womb which is a totally changed environment. The child knows how to suck, grasp and make noise so this adaptation is the first step to cognitive development.
Furthermore, with the help of psychological structure (schema, operation) through the process of cognition, the child extends his mental horizons and according to learning theorist. The socialization process goes hand in hand with the cognitive development of the child.
Criticism on the Social Learning Theories
Theorists have criticized the model of social learning theories. In their view we should know about the internal changes in children in order to know about their socialization process.