Looking Glass Self Theory by Charles Horton Cooley

Fri, 10/02/2015 - 00:33 -- Umar Farooq

How does a Biological Person become the Social Person?

In 1902 Charles Horton Colley presented the theory of looking glass self is a social psychological concept which is interested in how a biological person becomes a social person. He realizes that this involves the process of socialization. He states that infants have no conception of the world as being separate from themselves. This understanding is linked to the learning of language.

Children’s First Mine and Then I, and Me

The children first mine shows that they are becoming aware of themselves as separate people use of I and me”, shows a still high order of abstraction and indicate fuller self-awareness as a person.

The Social Looking Glass

Looking glass is the group or society in which a person imagines how others see him.

Looking Glass Self Concept

A person stands before a minor to look at their reflection in the mirror. The mirror shows how the person seems. The person gets an image from that whether he is handsome pretty or not, clean or dirty. Similarly the person gets an image from the social looking glass and this is other people’s estimate of them.

Self is the Product of Social World 

CH Cooley concludes that this unique aspect of human, called the self is socially created. That is our sense of self develops from interaction with other people. He coined the term “looking glass concept” in 1902 to describe the process by which a sense of self develops.

Three Stage of Looking Glass Theory


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