Introduction to Urbanization
The term urbanization is commonly used in demography as well as in geography. The most common measure of urbanization is the proportion of the total population of an area that lives in the urban areas as defined in the census. The process of urbanization has been going on since pre-historic times. However the range of urbanization rose sharply in the 19th and 20th centuries. During 1800, there were 27 million urban dwellers, in the world 3% of the total but that time umber has increased 40% of the total population. In the developed world 65% are dwelling in urban areas but in the developing world 25% are urban dwellers and this may be expected 45% till 2010. So, we can see that urban population is increasing day by day. This process of increase is called urbanization.
Meaning of Urbanization
Urbanization means the inflow of rural people to urban areas. It is the movement of the people from the rural areas to urban areas.