Gender violence Definition Types & Causes with Examples

Wed, 12/16/2015 - 23:11 -- Umar Farooq

Gender Violence Definition

Usually Gender violence is referred to the violence against women but it is not just females that become a victim of the oppression, even men are inflicted by it. This violence rises due to the inequalities between men and women. The violence occurs as a result of normative role expectations which are associated with the gender (male/female). There is unequal power relationships between the genders in context of the society. Women are the primary target of gender based violence (GBV) and they often have to suffer the exacerbated consequences as compared to what men have to encounter. Women unfortunately have a lower social and economic status than men and they have less resources available at their disposal due to which they are unable to escape the abusive situation and seek justice.     

Types of Gender Violence

There are different types of Gender Violence. Let’s look at the ones we experience these days:

  • Sexual violence
  • Genital mutilation
  • Child mirage
  • Trafficking of women and girls
  • Domestic violence
  • Abduction of girls
  • Bride kidnapping
  • Sexual harassment at workplace
  • Emotional or physical violence
  • Femicide
  • Forced reproductive practices
  • Rape

What are the Main Causes of Violence?

GBV is not caused by a single factor; there is a series of causes. Here are the major ones:

Individual Factors: These include the biological or personal history factors which can increase the risk of violence. Young age, low level of education, low economic status etc. are the risks that trigger intimate partner violence. For example, pregnant women are at the higher risk of experiencing violence through the intimate partner.


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