The establishment, expansion, maintenance and acquirement of a colony in a territory using the political power of another territory is known as colonialism. It can also be referred to a set of unfit relationships between a colony and colonial power. According to It is "something characteristic of a colony" and "control by one power over a dependent area or people
What are the Effects of Colonialism?
Today, conflicts are found in many areas of the world which were once colonized by the Soviet powers. The source of these conflicts lies in the past colonial policies and the treatment of native populations. The uneven distribution of land, wealth, infrastructure of the local government and non-democratic system of the government lead to these conflicts. To elaborate the problems and the effects of colonialism over these societies, you must read the points listed below:
The western colonial expansion started in the 15th century when the Portuguese and Spanish conquered the lands in America and West Indies. This continued for 400 years and ended by the First World War. At that time the western powers were encouraged by their own desires to acquire new lands. They colonized Africa, many western areas and some parts of Asia. During this time, the Soviet powers formed new colonial provinces. They did this for the people who were living in the new areas. The population which has no name was considered extinct at that time. It was forced to unify under a single national identity. These newly made colonies were controlled using violence and the implementation of imperialist policies.