Causes of Deviance in Society

Thu, 09/11/2014 - 01:58 -- Umar Farooq

It is the failure of learning of norms which creates Deviance. Socializing institutions fail to perform their roles. The learning of norms is the basis of obedience to norms. The following are institutions of socialization of norms in which the personality of individual develops. These are also the agencies of social control.

Broken Family and Improper Socialization

Family is the first institution teaching norms of social life. Parents play important role in this process. Siblings are the second to socialize their members of family. If both or one of the parents is absent by death or other reason, the child fails to get proper learning, required affection and 'needs satisfaction' in the family. He becomes disturbed emotionally and seeks protection in the company of others outside the family. He learns anti-social activities like smoking, gambling, pick pocketing, abusing, telling lie and deviating others in association of bad neighborhood. He gets into the habit of Deviance and becomes delinquent. Delinquency enters into his social life. He becomes criminal in adulthood and gets into the company of big Lack of interest in Education: School and college are the next socializing institutions of education.

If he does not take interest in study, it means his attention has been diverted toward anti-social activities. His associates are not good citizens. The family training has not been effective upon him. He needs correction by persuasion and by force.

Lack of Religious Education and Morality

Mosque, religious education of the Holy Quran and the Sunnah create moral values in the individual. Manners of social life based on good and bad, right and wrong develop during social relations in these institutions. Norms of good conduct forbid man from wrong doings.

Delinquency is hated by the one who acts upon the norms of these religious teachings. Failure to seek religious education paves way toward delinquency. Door of moral value closes opens the door to delinquency. If morality fails to direct toward normative way of life the way to delinquent behaviour becomes easy. Failure of religious and moral values is the main cause of deviant behavior and delinquency.

Rejection by Neighborhood

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